About, Normal & High Levels, Risks & Treatment


Triglycerides are the commonest type of fats within the physique. Your physique shops and makes use of this kind of fats for vitality between meals. If the extent of triglycerides in your blood is elevated, it might imply you’re at excessive threat for well being issues.

Be taught extra about triglycerides, together with what causes excessive triglyceride ranges and easy methods to decrease them.

Once you eat, the additional energy, sugar, and alcohol that your physique doesn’t want instantly is transformed into triglycerides and saved in fats cells. Once you want vitality, hormones launch the triglycerides.

When you usually eat extra high-carbohydrate meals than you burn, you could possibly have a excessive triglyceride degree.

Excessive triglyceride ranges (hypertriglyceridemia) are thought-about a high-risk issue for narrowing of the arteries (atherosclerosis) which might result in stroke, heart attack, and peripheral arterial disease (PAD). In case your triglyceride ranges are excessive, you could possibly be at excessive threat for pancreatitis (irritation of the pancreas) and liver disease.

In accordance with the NIH National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute, a lipid panel will take a look at your blood for ranges of:

  • whole ldl cholesterol
  • HDL ldl cholesterol
  • LDL ldl cholesterol
  • triglycerides

Your physician could request that you simply keep away from meals (fast) for 8 to 12 hours earlier than the take a look at. Outcomes are usually accessible inside just a few days. Your physician will make suggestions primarily based on the degrees indicated in your take a look at.

NOTE: The outcomes proven on this desk are primarily based on a fasting state and are measured as milligrams of triglycerides per deciliter of blood (mg/dl).

How typically do you have to be examined?

The American Heart Association (AHA) suggests that folks over 20 years previous, are examined each 4 to six years. Based mostly in your well being, your physician could counsel testing extra typically. The AHA additionally recommends that kids be checked as soon as between the ages of 9 and 11 and as soon as between the ages of 17 and 21.

Your triglyceride ranges may very well be excessive primarily based on components equivalent to:

Increased than regular triglyceride ranges could put you in danger for arteriosclerosis (hardening of the arteries or thickening of the artery partitions), coronary heart assault, stroke, and coronary heart illness. In case your triglyceride ranges are excessive, you’re in danger for pancreatitis and liver illness.

The three major methods to decrease excessive triglyceride ranges are:

Wholesome life-style selections that decrease excessive triglyceride ranges embrace:

  • Weight loss program. Keep away from simple carbohydrates (equivalent to sugar and meals made with white flour or fructose), trans fat, and meals with hydrogenated oils or fat. As an alternative of the fats present in meats, select more healthy plant-based fat (equivalent to olive oil and canola oil). Substitute purple meat with fish excessive in omega-3 fatty acids (equivalent to mackerel or salmon). Restrict or keep away from alcohol consumption (excessive in energy and sugar)
  • Train. Bodily exercise: The American Heart Association (AHA) recommends a weekly minimal of 40 minutes of reasonable depth cardio train, 3 to 4 occasions each week.
  • Weight. As a result of further energy are transformed to triglycerides and saved as fats, in case you scale back your energy, you’ll scale back triglycerides. Goal and preserve a wholesome weight with food plan and train.

Different life-style modifications to assist decrease triglycerides embrace;

If wholesome life-style modifications aren’t sufficient to manage excessive triglycerides, your physician would possibly advocate prescription medicines, together with statins, equivalent to rosuvastatin calcium (Crestor) and atorvastatin calcium (Lipitor) or fibrates, equivalent to gemfibrozil (Lopid) and fenofibrate (TriCor, Fenoglide).

You physician might also counsel a complement equivalent to niacin (nicotinic acid) or fish oil (omega-3 fatty acids).

As a result of low triglycerides are usually not trigger for concern, there’s not a present vary for them. If in case you have a triglyceride degree decrease than regular (underneath 150 mg/dl), it’s most probably a mirrored image of life-style selections equivalent to:

  • a low-fat food plan
  • a nutritious diet
  • a food plan that features fasting

A low triglyceride degree is also a sign of an underlying situation, equivalent to malnutrition or malabsorption, however these situations would usually be identified by different signs.

As a result of a excessive triglyceride degree often doesn’t trigger any signs, it’s usually noticed when your physician orders a blood take a look at that features a lipid panel.

If excessive threat components equivalent to medical situations or life-style selections are usually not current, your physician will order a lipid panel each few years to examine ldl cholesterol and triglyceride ranges.

In case your lipid panel outcomes present triglyceride ranges above regular, your physician will most probably counsel life-style modifications targeted on food plan and train. If food plan and train would not have the specified impact, your physician could advocate medicine, equivalent to statins or fibrates.

In case your blood take a look at lipid panel signifies that you’ve got a excessive triglyceride degree, your physician will in all probability advocate life-style modifications, equivalent to exercising and following a food plan low in easy carbohydrates, trans fat, and meals with hydrogenated oils or fat.

Sometimes, these life-style modifications will enhance your general well being and decrease your triglyceride ranges.

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